10 August 2017
Cross-section view of the new 5-nm architecture. Reference:IBM Research
Scientists actually reduced the size of the transistor gates on current chips from 7 nanometres to 5 nanometres (nm). The logic was to have more gates to get more power with more efficiency.
According to researchers, this new architecture could allow us to see big gains in computer chips for years to come. It also enables using existing processes and materials rather than promising alternatives like carbon nanotubes, so our current technology can keep up with our needs while next-generation options are explored.
With big jumps forward happening in artificial intelligence, data speeds, and many other areas, the race is on to process more data more quickly with less energy, and the new 5-nm chips should be a big help.